Done By: Keerthana Sundar, Tang Xue Chun, Therese Ho, Sun Xue and Trishala
At a Glance:
December 25, 1642: ·Isaac Newton born in Woolsthorpe, England.
1654: ·Newton enrolled in the Grantham Grammar School.
1661: ·Newton enrolled in Trinity College, Cambridge.
July 1662: ·Founding of the Royal Society.
1665: ·Newton received his bachelor of arts from Trinity College.
1666: ·. Newton conducted prism experiments, discovered spectrum of light, worked out his system of “fluxions,” precursor of modern calculus and began to consider the idea of gravity.
1667: Newton elected a Fellow of Trinity College.
1669: ·Newton appointed Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Trinity for the next thirty-four years.
January 11, 1672: ·Newton elected to the Royal Society.
February 1672: ·Newton’s paper on optics and his prism experiments sent to the Society. Rivalry with Hooke began.
1670s: ·Newton worked on the mathematics of gravitation in his home in Cambridge.
1674: ·Hooke wrote book in which he suggested existence of “attractive powers,” akin to gravity.
January 1684: ·Hooke discussed principle of inverse squares with Christopher Wren and Halley.
August 1684: ·Halley visited Newton in Cambridge, where they discussed the principle inverse squares and its relationship with planetary orbits.
November 1684: ·Newton completed his calculations on gravity and shared them with Halley, who urges him to publish.
February 1685: ·Newton sent a brief treatise, Propositiones de Motu, to the Royal Society, outlining his findings.
April 1686: ·Newton presented the first book of the Principia to the Royal Society.
September 1687: ·Publication of the complete Principia.
1689: ·Newton elected as Cambridge’s representative to Parliament.
1693: ·Newton’s “Black Year”. He was plagued by depression and insomnia, and apparently suffered a nervous breakdown in September.
1695: ·Newton appointed warden of the Mint, to oversee the implementation of a new currency. He left Cambridge and moved to London.
1699: ·Newton named master of the Mint.
1703: ·Death of Hooke; Newton elected President of the Royal Society.
1705: ·Newton knighted by Queen Anne.
1712: ·Royal Society commission, under Newton’s direction, investigated the competing claims of Leibniz and Newton to having developed calculus, and decided in favor of Newton.
1713: ·Second edition of the Principia published.
November 14, 1714: ·Death of Leibniz.
1726: ·Third edition of the Principia published; all reference to Leibniz removed.
March 20, 1727: ·Death of Sir Isaac Newton, in London.